Key to the Pollen of the Bahamas©

Links to the keys.

Link to the Master Key Link to the Submaster Key to Rotational Grains Link to the Submaster Key to Porate Grains Link to the Submaster Key to Tricolpate Grains Link to the Submaster Key to Tricolporate Grains Link to the Key to Vesiculate Grains Link to the Key to Tetrad Grains Link to the Key to Polyad Grains Link to the Key to Bilaterally Symmetrical Grains and Spores Link to the Key to Inaperturate and Irregular Grains Link to the Key to Subtetrahedral Spores
Link to the Key to Stephanocolpate Grains Link to the Key to Pericolpate Grains Link to the Key to Monocolporate Grains Link to the Key to Polycolporate Grains Link to the Key to Tetracolporate Grains Link to the Key to Monocolpate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Psilate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Scabrate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Verrucate, Echinate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Suprareticulate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Per-reticulate Grains
Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Intectate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolporate, Psilate, Scabrate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolporate, Echinate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolporate, Foveate, Suprareticulate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolporate, Intectate, Per-reticulate Grains Link to the Key to Monoporate Grains Link to the Key to Diporate Grains Link to the Key to Triporate Grains Link to the Key to Stephanoporate Grains Link to the Key to Periporate Grains

Highlighted words are linked to their glossary definitions. Definitions and images contributed by the Glossary of Pollen and Spore Terminology,second and revised edition by Peter Hoen.


Table H4

Key Tricolpate Verrucate-Echinate Grains

A2 Grains greater than 90 μM in diameter



B2 Grains echinate with spines having hooked tips, 100 μM           

Malvaceae sp
Malvaceae sp images 400X




B1

Grains with verrucate or clavate structural elements







C2

Grains greater than 160 μM, surface with verrucae in no particular pattern 

Stachytarpheta
Stachytarpheta images 400X






C1 Grains with elongated, clavate elements that are closely packed, 122 μM

Opuntia
Opuntia images 400X



A1

Grains less than 90 μM in diameter




D2 Surface echinate, spheroidal, 28-30 μM

Gundlachia
Gundlachia images




D1 Surface verrucate with numerous projections that lack acute tips, subprolate, 60-70 μM in equatorial diameter, colpi either widely split or a wavy line Gochnatia
Gochnatia images





  To download the taxonomic key: link to download key   To return to  the introduction: link to introduction   For information on the included taxa: link to taxa and sources   For information on the glossary: link to glossary introduction