Key to the Pollen of the Bahamas©

Links to the keys.

Link to the Master Key Link to the Submaster Key to Rotational Grains Link to the Submaster Key to Porate Grains Link to the Submaster Key to Tricolpate Grains Link to the Submaster Key to Tricolporate Grains Link to the Key to Vesiculate Grains Link to the Key to Tetrad Grains Link to the Key to Polyad Grains Link to the Key to Bilaterally Symmetrical Grains and Spores Link to the Key to Inaperturate and Irregular Grains Link to the Key to Subtetrahedral Spores
Link to the Key to Stephanocolpate Grains Link to the Key to Pericolpate Grains Link to the Key to Monocolporate Grains Link to the Key to Polycolporate Grains Link to the Key to Tetracolporate Grains Link to the Key to Monocolpate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Psilate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Scabrate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Verrucate, Echinate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Suprareticulate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Per-reticulate Grains
Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Intectate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolporate, Psilate, Scabrate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolporate, Echinate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolporate, Foveate, Suprareticulate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolporate, Intectate, Per-reticulate Grains Link to the Key to Monoporate Grains Link to the Key to Diporate Grains Link to the Key to Triporate Grains Link to the Key to Stephanoporate Grains Link to the Key to Periporate Grains

Highlighted words are linked to their glossary definitions. Definitions and images contributed by the Glossary of Pollen and Spore Terminology,second and revised edition by Peter Hoen.


Table E
Submaster Key to Rotational Grains


A3 Grains with no distinct aperture

Table F
Key to Inaperturate and Irregular Grains
A2 Grains with one aperture          



B3 Aperture elongate        

Table H1
Key to Monocolpate Grains

B2 Aperture a circular pore           

Table G1
Key to Monoporate Grains

B1 Aperturefurrow with a superimposed distinct pore or transverse endexinous furrow (colporate) Table M
Key to Monocolporate Grains
A1 Grains with more than one aperture



C3 Apertures pores (porate grains)

Table G
Submaster Key to Porate Grains

C2 Grains with meridionally oriented furrowsno superimposed pores or endexinous furrows (colpate grains)




D2 Three furrows

Table H
Submasteter Key to Tricolpate Grains


D1 More than three furrows

Table L
Key to Stephanocolpate and Pericolpate Grains

C1 Both furrows and a superimposed distinct pore or transverse endexinous furrow




E3 More than four apertures        

Table K
Key to Polycolporate Grains


E2 Four apertures

Table J
Key to Tetracolporate Grains


E1 Three apertures

Table I
Submaster Key to Tricolporate Grains


  To download the taxonomic key: link to download key   To return to  the introduction: link to introduction   For information on the included taxa: link to taxa and sources   For information on the glossary: link to glossary introduction