Key to the Pollen of the Bahamas©

Links to the keys.

Link to the Master Key Link to the Submaster Key to Rotational Grains Link to the Submaster Key to Porate Grains Link to the Submaster Key to Tricolpate Grains Link to the Submaster Key to Tricolporate Grains Link to the Key to Vesiculate Grains Link to the Key to Tetrad Grains Link to the Key to Polyad Grains Link to the Key to Bilaterally Symmetrical Grains and Spores Link to the Key to Inaperturate and Irregular Grains Link to the Key to Subtetrahedral Spores
Link to the Key to Stephanocolpate Grains Link to the Key to Pericolpate Grains Link to the Key to Monocolporate Grains Link to the Key to Polycolporate Grains Link to the Key to Tetracolporate Grains Link to the Key to Monocolpate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Psilate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Scabrate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Verrucate, Echinate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Suprareticulate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Per-reticulate Grains
Link to the Key to Tricolpate, Intectate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolporate, Psilate, Scabrate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolporate, Echinate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolporate, Foveate, Suprareticulate Grains Link to the Key to Tricolporate, Intectate, Per-reticulate Grains Link to the Key to Monoporate Grains Link to the Key to Diporate Grains Link to the Key to Triporate Grains Link to the Key to Stephanoporate Grains Link to the Key to Periporate Grains

Highlighted words are linked to their glossary definitions. Definitions and images contributed by the Glossary of Pollen and Spore Terminology,second and revised edition by Peter Hoen.


Table 1
Key to Bahamas Taxa Included in the Keys and Sources of Reference Specimens


FAMILY SOURCE*
Genus species

AGAVACEAE
Agava braceana GRC
Agava anomola GRC, TPS
AIZOACEAE
Sesuvium portulacastrum TPS
AMARANTHACEAE
Achyranthes indica TPS
Caraxeron vermicularis EK, GRC
ANACARDIACEAE
Metopium toxiferum EK
ANNONACEAE
Annona glabra EK
APOCYNACEAE
Angadenia sagraei EK
Echites umbellata TPS
Neobracea bahamensis EK
Urechithes lutea TPS
AQUIFOLIACEAE
Ilex cassine EK
ASTERACEAE
Ambrosia hispida GRC
Bidens alba EK
Borrichia arborescens EK, TPS
Emelia fosbergii EK
Erigeron quercifolius EK
Eupatorium villosum EK
Flaveria linearis EK
Flaveria trinervia TPS
Gochnatia ilicifolia EK
Gundlachia corymbosa EK
Iva chieranthifolia EK
Iva imbricata GRC
Melanthera aspera EK, TPS
Pluchea odorata EK
Salmea petrobioides EK
Vernonia arbuscula EK
Vernonia cinerea TPS
Wedelia bahamensis GRC, TPS
AVICENNIACEAE
Avicennia germinans EK
BATIDACEAE
Batis maritima GRC
BIGNONIACEAE
Tabebuia bahamensis EK, TPS
Tecoma stans TPS
BORAGINACEAE
Bourreria ovata EK, TPS
Cordia bahamensis EK
Cordia globosa TPS
Heliotropum angiospermum TPS
Heliotropum curassavicum EK
Mallotonia gnaphalodes GRC
Tournefortia volubilis EK, TPS
BROMELIACEAE
Tillandsia sp. TPS
BURSERACEAE
Bursera simarouba EK
BUXACEAE
Buxus bahamensis EK
CACTACEAE
Opuntia nashii EK
CARICACEAE
Carica papaya TPS
CASUARINACEAE
Casuarina littorea EK
CELASTERACEAE
Crossopetalum rhachoma EK
Maytenus buxifolia EK
Maytenus lucayana EK
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
Chrysobalanus icaco EK, TPS
COMBRETACEAE
Bucida spinosa EK
Conocarpus erectus EK, TPS
Laguncularia racemosa GRC
Terminalia catapa EK
CONVOLVULACEAE
Evolvulus squamosus EK
Ipomea pes-caprae EK, TPS
Ipomea sp. TPS
Jacquemontia cayensis TPS
Jacquemontia havanensis EK, TPS
Merremia dissecta TPS
CRUCIFERAE
Cakile lanceolata TPS
Lepidium virginicum TPS
CYPERACEAE
Cladium jamaicense EK
Cyperus fuligineus GRC
Cyperus ochraceus GRC
Dichromena colorata EK, TPS
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
Erythroxylum areolatum EK
Erythroxylum rotundifolium EK
EUPHORBIACEAE
Argythamnia candicans GRC, TPS
Argythamnia lucayana TPS
Croton dicolor TPS
Croton eluteria GRC
Croton linearis TPS
Croton lucidus GRC
Euphorbia blodgetii TPS
Euphorbia heterophylla TPS
Euphorbia hypericifolia EK
Euphorbia mesembrianthemifolia EK
Hippomane mancinella EK
Margaritaria scandens EK
Phyllanthus epiphyllanthus EK
Savia bahamensis EK
FLACOURTIACEAE
Xylosima buxifolium EK
GOODENACEAE
Scaevola sericia EK
Scaevola plumieri TPS
GRAMINAE
Unknown TPS
GUTTIFERAE
Hypericum hypericoides EK
LABIATAE
Leonotis repetifolia TPS
LAMINACEAE
Hyptis pectinata EK
LAURACEAE
Cassytha filiformis EK
LEGUMINOSAE
Acacia choriophylla EK
Acacia farnesiana TPS
Acacia macracantha TPS
Caesalpinia bahamensis EK, TPS
Caesalpinia bonduc TPS
Cajanus cajan TPS
Calliandra haematomma EK, TPS
Canavalia nitida EK
Canavalia rosea TPS
Cassia biflora TPS
Cassia lineata EK, TPS
Centrosema angustifolia EK
Crotolaria pumila EK
Dalbergia ecastophyllum TPS
Galactia bahamensis TPS
Galactia rudolphioides EK
Galactia striata GRC
Leuceana leucocephala EK, TPS
Lysiloma latisiliquum GRC
Mimosa bahamesis EK, TPS
Pithecellobium bahamensis EK
Pithecellobium hystrix EK
Pithecellobium keyensis EK, TPS
Piscidia piscipula EK
Sophora tomentosa GRC
Stylosanthes hamata EK
LINACEAE
Linum sp. EK
LOGANIACEAE
Spigelia anthelmia TPS
MALPIGHIACEAE
Byrsonima lucida EK, GRC
Malpighia polytricha EK
Stigmaphyllon sagraei EK
Triopteris jamaicensis GRC, TPS
MALVACEAE
Gossypium hirsutum TPS
Herissantia crispa EK
Pavonia bahamensis GRC, TPS
Sida spinosa TPS
Unknown EK
MELASTOMATACEAE
Tetrazigia bicolor EK
MELIACEAE
Swietenia mahogoni GRC
MYRICACEAE
Myrica cerifera EK
MYRSINACEAE
Myrsine floridana EK
MYRTACEAE
Myrcianthes fragrans TPS
Psidium longipes EK, GRC
Psidium guajava TPS
NYCTAGINACEAE
Boerhavia diffusa GRC
Guapira longifolia EK
Pisonia aculeata EK
OLACACEAE
Schoepfia obovata EK
ONAGRACEAE
Ludwigia octovalvus TPS
PALMACEAE
Cocos nucifera TPS
Sabal palmetto EK
PASSIFLORACEAE
Passiflora cuprae EK
Passiflora pectinata TPS
Passiflora sp. TPS
PHYTOLACCACEAE
Rivinia humilis TPS
PINACEAE
Pinus caribaea EK
PLUMBAGINACEAE
Plumbago scandans TPS
POLYGALACEAE
Polygala penaea EK
POLYGONACEAE
Antigonon leptopus GRC
Coccoloba diversifolia EK
Coccoloba krugii TPS
Coccoloba uvifera EK
RHAMNACEAE
Colubrina arborescens GRC
Reynosia septentrionalis EK
RHIZOPHORACEAE
Rhizophora mangle TPS
RUBIACEAE
Antirhea lucida EK
Antirhea myrtifolia EK
Borreria laevis TPS
Casasia clusiifolia EK
Erithalis diffusa GRC, TPS
Ernodea littoralis EK, TPS
Exostema caribaeum TPS
Morinda royoc EK
Phialanthus myrtilloides EK
Psychotria ligustrifolia EK
Psychotria nervosa EK
Rhachicallis americana EK
Spermacoce confusa EK
Strumphia maritima EK, TPS
RUTACEAE
Amyris elemifera GRC
Zanthoxylum fagata GRC
SAPINDACEAE
Thouinia discolor EK
SAPOTACEAE
Bumelia americana EK, TPS
Bumelia salicifolia EK
Manilkara bahamensis EK
Manilkara zapota GRC
SCROPHULARIACEAE
Agalinis sp. EK
Capraria biflora TPS
Stemodia maritima EK, TPS
SIMAROUBACEAE
Simarouba glauca EK
SOLANACEAE
Capsicum annuum TPS
Solanum americanum TPS
STERCULIACEAE
Helicteres jamaicense EK
Melochia tomentosa EK, GRC, TPS
Waltheria indica EK
SURIANACEAE
Suriana maritima EK, TPS
TILIACEAE
Corchorus hirsutus TPS
THEOPHRASTACEAE
Jacquinia keyensis EK, TPS
TURNERACEAE
Turnera ulmifolia EK
TYPHACEAE
Typha latifolia EK
ULMACEAE
Trema lamarkianum EK
VERBENACEAE
Citharexylum fruticosum TPS
Duranta repens EK
Lantana involucrata EK
Petitia domingensis EK
Pseudocarpidium wrightii EK
Phyla nodiflora TPS
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis EK
Vitex trifolia EK
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
Guacium sanctum GRC
PTERIDOPHYTES
POLYPODIACEAE
Achrostichum aureum EK
Polypodium aureum GRC
Polypodium polypodioides GRC
Polypodium. phyllitidis GRC
Pteris longifolia EK
Sphenomeris clavata EK
Thelypteris kunthii EK
SCHIZAEACEAE
Anemia adiantifolia EK

* EK - Taxa collected by Eric Kjellmark on Andros Island
  GRC - Taxa from the herbarium of the Gerace Research Center, collected on San Salvador Island
  TPS-Taxa collected by Tom and Karen Snyder on San Salvador Island



  To download the taxonomic key: link to download key   To return to  the introduction: link to introduction   For information on the included taxa: link to taxa and sources   For information on the glossary: link to glossary introduction